Cystotomy Surgery

Cystotomy, a common surgical procedure performed on dogs and cats, involves the opening of the bladder to remove stones, tumors, or obstructions. This guide aims to inform pet owners about the procedure, its benefits, and what to expect during recovery.

Why Cystotomy?

Bladder stones, also known as uroliths, are common in both dogs and cats. They can cause discomfort, urinary tract infections, and even life-threatening blockages. Cystotomy offers a direct approach to removing these stones, providing immediate relief and

Why perform surgery at Allied Veterinary Service?

  • Our surgeons have undergone rigorous residency training in small animal orthopedic and soft tissue surgery. 
  • Patients receiving this procedure typically receive regional pain blocks to ensure the best experience possible for your beloved pet.  
  • Our doctors will care for your pet 24/7 before and after your pet’s surgery and tailor treatment according to the patient’s needs preventing further complications.

What Does the Surgery Involve?

Under general anesthesia, a small incision is made in the abdomen to access the bladder. The surgeon then makes an incision in the bladder wall to remove the stones or other obstructions. The incisions are carefully sutured closed, and the bladder is flushed to ensure all debris is removed.

Benefits of Surgery:

  • Immediate Relief: Direct removal of stones or obstructions alleviates pain and restores normal urination.
  • Prevention of Recurrence: With the removal of stones, the risk of future blockages is significantly reduced.
  • Identification and Treatment: Allows for the analysis of stones, aiding in the prevention of future occurrences through dietary management or medication.

Risks and Complications:

  • Surgical Risks: As with any surgery, risks include infection, bleeding, and reactions to anesthesia.
  • Recurrence: While cystotomy removes existing stones, it does not prevent new stones from forming without dietary and health management.
  • Postoperative Infections: The risk of urinary tract infections increases temporarily after surgery.

Recovery and Aftercare:

  • Pain Management: Your pet will receive pain medication to ensure comfort during recovery.
  • Elizabethan Collar: Prevents licking or biting at the incision site, ensuring proper healing.
  • Activity Restriction: Limit your pet's activity to prevent stress on the surgical site for the first two weeks post-surgery.
  • Special Diet: Depending on the type of stones, a special diet may be recommended to prevent recurrence.
  • Monitoring: Watch for signs of infection, difficulty urinating, or any changes in behavior, and report them to your veterinarian.

Cost Considerations:

The cost of a cystotomy can vary based on the complexity of the surgery and the level of aftercare required. Our team will provide a detailed estimate to ensure transparency and help you make an informed decision.

Final Thoughts:

Cystotomy is a highly effective procedure for resolving pet bladder stones and obstructions. With proper care and management, most pets recover quickly and return to their normal activities.

Legal Disclaimer:

This pamphlet is for informational purposes only and does not substitute for professional veterinary advice. Treatment outcomes may vary depending on individual circumstances. Consult your veterinarian for advice tailored to your pet's specific condition.

Contact Us:

For more information or to schedule a consultation, please contact us. Our dedicated veterinary team is committed to providing the best care for your pet.

Allied Veterinary Service - Emergency and Referral 
8301 93rd Ave N, Brooklyn Park, MN 55445 
(763) 463-9800
Open 24 hours